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Terms and Conditions

Terms and Conditions for Use

  1. The person using this website may view, reproduce or store copies of articles comprising the journal provided that the articles are used only for their personal, non-commercial use. Uses beyond that allowed by the "Fair Use" limitations (sections 107 and 108) of the U.S. Copyright law require permission of the publisher.

  2. For permissions to copy beyond that permitted by the U.S. Copyright Law and for reprints, contact our office.

  3. Any uses and/or copies of this Journal in whole or in part must include the customary bibliographic citation, including author attribution, date, article title, journal title, and article URL and must include a copy of the copyright notice.

  4. Personal accounts and/or passwords for protected content may not be shared.

Open Access Content

Certain Publications, or article or item of a Publication, have been published under the terms of a Creative Commons Open Access licence (“OA Content”). For OA Content, the permitted terms of use and reuse are set out in the respective Creative Commons licence, which supersede the use and reuse rights in these Terms.

Text and Data Mining

You may carry out text and data mining on the Site for non-commercial purposes. Non-commercial TDM applications are performed solely to advance research and not for the benefit of commercial companies (it does not generate current or future revenue). As such, these initiatives support our mission of creating high-quality academic and educational resources and services and making them available across the world.

Intellectual Property Rights

We and/or our licensors are the owners of all intellectual property rights in the Site, the Publications, and other content on the Site. The Site, the Publications and the other content on the Site are protected by intellectual property laws around the world including copyright and trade mark laws. Subject to these Terms and any other agreements between you and World Scholars Review, all such rights are reserved and no materials may otherwise be copied, modified, published, broadcast or otherwise distributed without our prior written permission. “World Scholars Review” and/or any other names of products or services provided by World Scholars Review and referred to on the Site are either trademarks or registered trademarks of World Scholars Review.

Notwithstanding the foregoing and where applicable, copyright in each illustration that appears on the Site is owned by the rights holder(s) named in ‘Picture Details’ window for that illustration. All rights are reserved. No illustration from the Site may be copied, modified, published or broadcast or otherwise distributed.


World Scholars Review is a subsidiary of World Scholars Academy. World Scholars Academy makes no warranties or representations of any kind concerning the accuracy, completeness or suitability of any information or content appearing on the Site. Further, World Scholars Review, World Scholars Academy, and the learned societies, authors and others who publish Publications with World Scholars Review make no representations or warranties, express or implied, as to the accuracy or completeness of the whole or any part of the Publications, or as to the accuracy or efficacy of the treatments or dosages in the Publications, and they do not accept, and expressly disclaim, responsibility for any liability, loss or risk that may be claimed or incurred as a consequence of the use or application of the whole or any part of the Publications.

The information and content appearing on the Site or in the Publications is not intended to be, and should not be considered, a substitute for medical or other professional advice. Practitioners and researchers must rely on their own experience, knowledge, and judgement in evaluating or applying any information, which remains their professional responsibility. Research and knowledge about medical and health issues is constantly evolving and diagnoses, treatments, and dose schedules for medications are being revised continually. Because of this and rapid advances in the medical sciences and changes in government regulations and clearances, we recommend independent verification of all product information and clinical procedures using the most up-to-date published product information and data sheets provided by the manufacturers and the most recent codes of conduct and safety regulations.

The mention of trade names, commercial products or organizations, and the inclusion of advertisements on the Site or on or in connection with a Publication does not constitute any endorsement by World Scholars Review, World Scholars Academy, or the learned societies, authors or others who publish the Publications with World Scholars Review. 

In no event shall World Scholars Review, World Scholars Academy, its employees, agents or licensors, or the learned societies or authors who publish Publications with World Scholars Review be liable to you for any direct, indirect or consequential damages, loss of opportunity, loss of data, loss of goodwill, loss of anticipated savings or loss of profits resulting from the use of the Site even if advised of such loss.

The exclusions, disclaimers and limitations of liability set out in these Terms only apply to the extent permitted by law.


Links to other websites are provided by World Scholars Review in good faith and for information only. World Scholars Review and World Scholars Academy disclaims any responsibility for the materials contained in any website linked to the Site. In addition, a link to a non-World Scholars Review website does not mean that World Scholars Review or World Scholars Academy endorses or accepts any responsibility for the content, or the use, of such website or the products and/or services offered on such website. It is up to you to take precautions to ensure that whatever you select for your use is free of such items as viruses, worms, trojans and other items of a destructive nature.

Interactive Materials

Portions of the Site may allow you to post or transmit your own material. Materials posted by users do not necessarily reflect the views of World Scholars Review or World Scholars Academy. By posting materials on our Site, you represent that you have all necessary rights in and to such materials and that such materials will not infringe any personal or proprietary rights of any third parties, that such material is not technically harmful (including, without limitation, computer viruses, logic bombs, Trojan horses, worms, harmful components, corrupted data or other malicious software or harmful data), nor will such materials be defamatory, unlawful, threatening, obscene or otherwise objectionable.

World Scholars Review reserves the right, at its sole discretion, to review, edit or delete any material posted by users that World Scholars Review deems defamatory, unlawful, threatening, obscene or otherwise objectionable. Notwithstanding the foregoing, World Scholars Review and World Scholars Academy expressly disclaims any responsibility or liability for any material communicated by third parties through the Site.

Global Nature of Websites

You recognize the global nature of the Site and agree to comply with all applicable local laws in your jurisdiction when using the Site.

Information we publish on the Site may contain references or cross-references to our services and/or products offered that are not announced or available in your country. Such references do not imply that we intend to announce such services and/or products in your country.

Governing Law

You agree that these Terms shall be exclusively governed in accordance with the laws of and the courts in the United States. Notwithstanding the foregoing, nothing in these Terms will preclude World Scholars Review and World Scholars Academy from applying to any court to bring an action for the infringement of its or its licensors’ intellectual property rights.


Queries about the content which appears on this website may be directed to the editor.

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